Practice Twelve

Practice 12: Learners assume responsibility for their own behavior. Their choices determine the consequences.

 Implementation Basics | Practice Implementation Evaluation and Goal Setting | Life Principles, Expectations, and Quotes | Hand Sign for Practice | Practice Connections | Characteristics of Implementation with Online Resources | Research | Literature | Poetry |Vocabulary | Music & Video Links | General Resource Websites | Learning Strategies 

The time is always right to do what is right”
- Martin Luther King Jr.




You can’t make the same mistake twice. The second time you make it, it’s no longer a mistake. It’s a Choice!”
- Author Unknown





When you choose your behavior, you choose your consequences.” - Dr. Phil

(printable posters)



  • Practice 12 Introduction - The 'WHY?', 'WHERE?', 'WHEN?', Benefits, Objections, and Responses
  • Practice 12 Quick Implementation Guide - Purpose, Quotes, and Questions to evaluate implementation
  • 17 Practices Implementation Evaluations - Individual single page evaluations for each of the 17 Practices suitable for use with goal setting
  • G.E. Tenets and Key Ideas on Choice
  • Practice 12 Implementation Ideas - Practical application ideas and resources for classroom management, building positive relationships, and teaching learners to assume responsibility for their own behavior through choice.
  • The ‘WHY?’ For Choice Education! - YES! MAKING CHOICES CAN BE TAUGHT! Reasons for Teaching Decision-making, Goal Setting, and Other Basic Life Skills
    • ACCORDING TO: Stephen R. Covey, Daniel Goleman, Chick Moorman, and Robert Marzano
      • Research abounds showing the need and efficacy of teaching decision-making, goal setting, conflict resolution, problem-solving and other basic life skills. This document contains pertinent statements from these and others in support of Choice Education.

      Quote from Robert Marzano:

      “Training learners to use problem-solving strategies can help them develop a sense of responsibility for how the classroom is managed and reduce behavior problems.” Marzano, Robert. (2003). Classroom Management That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Every Teacher. Alexandria: VA: ASCD, 88-91.

Elements of Great Expectations Discipline

Tools for Teaching Choice

  1. Teaching all learners how to make wise choices and when used consistently building a valuable life skill.
  2. Addressing behavior management through acceptance of individual responsibility in both cultural and academic environments.
  3. Participating in personal evaluation of choice options and logical consequences. This works positively in behavior management by engaging the person/s involved in creating the solution.
  4. Creating an individual plan for personal actions.Choice C.R.O.S.S.ROADS Planning Worksheet - Use this document for detailed planning on the personal effort necessary to carry out any choice.
  5. EXAMPLES of Modeling the C.R.O.S.S.ROADS Process Consistently with Groups and Individuals - includes examples with learners in the areas of individual and class/groups goal setting, problem-solving, and conflict resolution.



Learner Goal Setting Examples: Included are multiple goal setting examples for 4 grade levels. The process is applicable for any age, any situation, and engages the individual/s in evaluating and planning what will work personally for him/her.


Click icon for quick access to multiple GE RESOURCES.



Click icon for quick access to multiple web resources containing lesson plans, tools for learners, etc.






Hand Signs for Practice

(Click links to see brief video clips of hand signs)


Practice Connection

Practice Connections - list of other 17 Practices that are connected to Practice # 12



Display and model the Life Principles, Eight Expectations for Living, creeds, and quotes to:

  1. build a sense of responsibility and capability

  2. call learners to a higher standard by challenging and redirecting behaviors with their use.

Implementation Resources:


Offer choice and opportunities to demonstrate responsibility within the parameters for work and social behaviors.

Implementation Resources:

  • C.R.O.S.S.ROADS Choice Directory - The C.R.O.S.S.ROADS Choice resources teach a simple five step process that may be used in general decision-making, conflict resolution, problem-solving and goal-setting. Includes educator teaching materials:
    • Literature Lessons
    • Posters
    • Power point
    • Forms with educator and learner examples at elementary, middle school, and high school levels for use in general decision-making, conflict resolution, goal setting, and problem-solving
    • Task cards with choice creed, rap, sign language, etc.
    • Lessons and Strategies for Teaching Choice - offers a variety of resources including lessons, music, and videos
    • Lesson Plan for Introducing Choice and Goal Setting - 2 lesson plans with extensive resources for introducing choice/goal setting at all grade levels and for use with discipline through setting behavior/academic goals. Includes specific examples for the educational setting and 6 Powerpoints.
  • Goal Setting for Practice 6 - Includes Examples using the teacher goal:
    “My goal is to use the Life Principles, the Eight Expectations for Living and related literature to build a character-based community among my learners.”


Use the CROSSROADS process to model and guide learners in developing and accomplishing specific goals for social and academic growth including assessing progress.

Implementation Online Resources:





Lesson Plan #1 - The Crow and the Pitcher fable C.R.O.S.S.ROADS Goal Setting Literature Lesson plan

Lesson Plan #2 - The Wise Old Man and the Bird Literature Lesson Plan - Appropriate for all grade levels


Eight Expectations: Resources include printable posters of the Expectation, a printable quote, and sections for literature/poetry, vocabulary, music and videos, an introductory activity, a cooperative structure, sign language, self-reflection, celebrations, and a brain break. Each allows for the selection of appropriate grade level material: Elementary, Middle, and High School.





Word Wall Vocabulary:

discipline punishment logical standard effect

natural consequence rule expectation outcome

principle chasten chastise penalize


“Choice” in Action”

Brainstorm words that describe how ‘making wise choices’ feels and looks. (Use T Chart) In pairs create a list of words that describe the process and results of making wise choices.

Join another pair, share lists, and add any new words. Join another group of 4 and repeat. The end result will be a list to be posted in the room for reference and reflection.


Music & Video Links


General Resource Websites:

  • National Science Digital Library - The National Science Digital Library (NSDL) was created by the National Science Foundation to provide organized access to high quality resources and tools that support innovations in teaching and learning at all levels of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education. NSDL is a digital library of exemplary resource collections and services, organized in support of science education at all levels. Educators may search for level PK - 12+ for FREE digital resources. Compatible for making assignments directly to Google Classroom.
  • Britannica Digital Learning - Fantastic resource for interactive graphic organizers and other classroom materials that may be downloaded and used on digital devices
  • The Question Formulation Technique (QFT) is a simple but rigorous step-by-step process designed to help all people — students and adults — formulate, work with, and use their own questions.
    • What is QFT? - Question Formulation Technique - Explanation of the steps and videos demonstrating its use in the classroom.
    • Teaching Channel has published a blog series that showcases teachers across the United States who use the Question Formulation Technique (QFT). The blog series features educators from the lower-elementary grades through community college. It includes insights from science, history, English, library, and math teachers showing how the effectiveness of the QFT in the classroom is lived out in these educational settings.
  • Laying a Foundation for a Classroom of Choice - Article on book by Jonathan Erwin


Learning Strategies